C A Exton © 2017                   


KDM

 

 

About DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Plasma Linux 64 bit

All three systems/distributions are a based on Debian Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10). LXDE is used as Desktop environment in DebEX Barebone/LXDE. Gnome 3.26 and Mate 1.18 are used in DebEX Gnome. KDE 4.16.08 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:37 are used in DebEX KDE. All three DebEX systems use my special kernel 4.13.0-16-exton. (Kernel 4.13.4). The system language is English (in all three versions of DebEX). 

NEWS 171203 about DebEX KDE Plasma - a Refracta Build
I have made a new version of DebEX KDE Plasma Live DVD. It replaces version 171023. It's a pure Debian 10 system. (Buster/Sid). I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE Plasma uses KDE 4.16 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:37 as Desktop environment. It uses kernel 4.13.0-16-exton - (4.13.4). I have replaced Wicd with NetworkManager. It works better. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 384.90. I have replaced Google Chrome with Firefox 56.0 (for Netflix). I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 171203. Study the full package list. MOST IMPORTANT CHANGE: I have replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares 3.1.9 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! Log in to KDE as user with password live or as root with password root.

NEWS 171030 about DebEX LXDE - a Refracta Build
A new version of DebEX Barebone with LXDE and kernel 4.13.0-16-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 4.13.4) is ready. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of October 30, 2017. DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10). I have replaced Google Chrome with Firefox 56.0-2 (for Netflix). Most important: The ISO has decreased from 1860 MB to 1330 MB, which makes it easier to run the system live from RAM. That ability allows DebEX LXDE to be very fast, since reading and writing data from/to RAM is much faster than on a hard disk drive.

NEWS 171026 about DebEX Gnome a Refracta Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (buster) and unstable (sid) repositories. Two Desktop Environments are pre-installed. Gnome 3.26 (latest) and Mate 1.18 (latest). I have also installed Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver 387.12 in this new version of DebEX. To be able to enjoy Gnome 3.26 while running DebEX live (from DVD or a USB stick) you'll need to have a new Nvidia graphics card installed. You can see which cards are supported here. Otherwise you'll have to settle for Mate 1.18. (Not a bad choice btw). Furthermore I have installed replaced Google Chrome with Firefox 56.0. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using Firefox in Linux. All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version as of 171026. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.13.0-61-exton corresponding one of Kernel.org's latest stable kernels 4.13.4.


What’s new in kernel 4.13
?



Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta tools (pre-installed in all three versions of DebEX) to create your own installable Debian Live DVD once you have installed DebEX to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. When you start Refracta it will look like this. You don’t even have to install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta tools. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian 10 system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick. Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO) will only take 10 - 50 min! You'll find the ISO in /home/snapshots.


Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 1330 MB, 1530 MB respectively 1470 MB).


KERNELS
All three DebEX systems use my special kernel 4.13.0-16-exton. (Kernel 4.13.0.4).


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, NetworkManager, Firefox, Midori, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 171026 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.26 and Mate 1.18. In version 171203 of DebEX I have added all common KDE packages. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of
October 30, 2017, October 26, 2017 respectively December 3, 2017. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager). It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
All three versions of DebEX use NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your password and connect!

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX Barebone LXDE (built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in LXDE as the ordinary user user. The password for user is live. The password for root is root. After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. After booting up DebEX KDE you'll end up in X/KDE 4.16 as the ordinary user user. The password for root is root. The password for user is live. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Or better: Use GKsu. Command (example): gksu dolphin. Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to LXDE, Gnome respectively KDE as root. Note: As regards DebEX LXDE and DebEX Gnome you can log in to LXDE respectively Gnome 3.26 and Mate 1.18 as the ordinary user user. The password for user is live/user. The password for root is root. SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT DebEX Gnome: To be able to reach the Gnome Desktop (if you have a Nvidia graphics card) you'll have to press Ctrl Alt F1 simultaneously. Then log in as user with password live. Run "sudo nvidia-xconfig" followed by "startx". 


About Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver in the KDE and Gnome versions of DebEX
If you can and want to use said driver you'll have to leave X/Gnome/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig (to create /etc/X11/xorg.conf). Then run startx to enter X/Gnome/KDE again. You will notice a big difference if you have the right (modern/new) Nvidia card. On certain computers you can't leave X by pressing Ctrl Alt F1. In that case you can only use said driver after a hard drive installation of DebEX. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig and restart your computer. The Nvidia drivers has support for the following GPUs (among others): GeForce 800A, GeForce 800M, GeForce GTX 970M and GeForce GTX 980M. Note: In DebEX KDE (version 171023) and DebEX Gnome (version 171026) your Nvidia card will be automatically used (if it is supported). Special note about DebEX Gnome: You can log in to Gnome 3.26 from LightDM login page as user with password live or as root with password root. If your card isn't supported you will get the dreaded error message saying Oh no! Something has gone wrong. Then log out and change Desktop Environment to Mate 1.18 before you go on and log in again. You simply can't log in to Gnome. Perhaps you can fix this problem yourself after a hard drive installation of DebEX Gnome! Important: To be able to reach the Gnome Desktop (if you have a Nvidia graphics card) you'll have to press Ctrl Alt F1 simultaneously. Then log in as user with password live. Run the commands sudo nvidia-xconfig followed by startx. If you still can't reach Gnome you'll have to delete xorg.conf. Command: sudo rm /etc/X11/xorg.conf. Then login as root to Mate 1.18 instead. (exit followed by startx). When logged in as root you won't have sound while running for example YouTube and Netflix using Firefox. Sound works when running SMPlayer though. While running Google Chrome you will also have sound. Google Chrome has to be started from a terminal (for security reasons) though. Command: google-chrome --no-sandbox

VirtualBox and VMware
DebEX LXDE, DebEX KDE and DebEX Gnome run very well in VirtualBox and VMware. NOTE: While running DebEX LXDE version 171030 you'll have to wait a few minutes before the LXDE Desktop shows up.

Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive. Just start Refracta Installer (as regards DebEX LXDE and DebEX Gnome) and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - live then. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation. When the installation of DebEX Gnome is ready (in VirtualBox) you will see this error message. Never mind. Everything is alright. When you use Refracta Installer it can happen that you'll see some other error messages in the end of the install process. Never mind. Everything is alright. When you start up Refracta Installer it will look like this. You can choose between "Simple" installation and "Expert" installation. IMPORTANT: DebEX KDE Build 171203 uses Calamares 3.1.9 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! Watch a YouTube video about running Calamares in ArchEX. Calamares works in the same way in DebEX. If you already have one Linux system (for example Ubuntu) installed on your computer you can refrain from installing Grub during the installation of DebEX (for example on /dev/sda5). Watch this screenshot. Instead just add the lines below in Ubuntu. I.e. to /boot/grub/grub.cfg. Or start up Ubuntu and run the command sudo update-grub. Start data for DebEX will then be added to Grub automatically.

menuentry 'DebEX KDE (sda5) 171203' --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-8b8eba1a-a8aa-4331-8391-2c2f26005e9a' {
    insmod gzio
    insmod part_gpt
    insmod ext2
    set root='hd0,gpt5'
    if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt11 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt11 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt11 8b8eba1a-a8aa-4331-8391-2c2f26005e9a
    else
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 8b8eba1a-a8aa-4331-8391-2c2f26005e9a
    fi
    linux    /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.0-16-exton root=UUID=8b8eba1a-a8aa-4331-8391-2c2f26005e9a rw
    initrd    /boot/initrd.img-4.13.0-16-exton
}

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick
Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS

Printing using Cups
It’s really very simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups (Common UNIX Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open up Google Chrome/Firefox and go to http://localhost:631/admin. See below a screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless in DebEX KDE.

Screenshot of Cups start page in Google Chrome.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DOWNLOAD
DebEX Barebone LXDE, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone LXDE ISO file (debex-64bit-buster-lxde-refracta-1330mb-171030.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-64bit-gnome-3.26-refracta-nvidia-1530mb-171026.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX KDE Plasma ISO file (debex-64bit-plasma-5.37-refracta-calamares-nvidia-1590mb-171203.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone LXDE ISO, which is of 1330 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1530 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE ISO, which is of 1590 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like

Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 170609 (Mate) and 170918 (Light) based on Ubuntu 17.04/17.10 and Debian Stretch/Sid with Mate 1.18.0/Openbox 3.6.1 and kernel 4.11.0-5-exton respectively 4.13.0-11-exton

ExTiX 18.0/17.8/16.5 64bit » version 171123 based on Debian and Ubuntu 17.10/16.10 with Deepin/KDE/LXQt and kernel 4.13.0-16-exton


MeX 64bit Linux
» version 170501 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 16.04.2 with Cinnamon 3.2.8
and kernel 4.10.0-19-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD
» 
version 170827 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS and Debian Stretch with Fluxbox combined with Cairo-Dock and kernel 4.12.0-12-exton


EXTON OpSuS 42.1 KDE Linux live USB
» version 151112 based on openSUSE Leap 42.1 with KDE 4.14.10 as Desktop environment. Coming as an IMAGE file for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 171121 based on Ubuntu and Debian with Enlightenment 0.22, Refracta Tools and kernel 4.13.0-16-exton

ArchEX 64bit Linux Live DVD » Build 171129 based on Arch Linux with kernel 4.13.12-1-ARCH and Deepin 15.5 and Calamares

SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 170314 based on Slackware 14.2 with KDE 4.14.27 and kernel 4.10.2-x86_64-exton

CruxEX 3.3 64bit 2017 Linux Live USB » version 170216 based on CRUX 3.3 with LXDE and kernel 4.9.9-exton


Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System
version 170909 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 26 with Cinnamon 3.4.6 and kernel 4.12.9


EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS
» version 160928 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 170416 based on Gentoo with LXQt 0.11.0 and genkernel 4.10.4-aufs-gentoo-exton

PuppEX Slack64/Xenial Linux Live CD 64/32bit » version 160823/160822 based on Puppy Slacko64/LxPup with kernel 4.7.2-x8_64-puppex/4.7.1-x86-pae-puppex

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 171030, 171026 and 171203 based on Debian Stretch/Buster/Sid with LXDE, Gnome 3.26 respectively KDE 4.16 and kernel 4.13.0-16-exton

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat » version 170930 with “my special” kernel 4.13.3-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD
 » version 170923 with “my special” kernel 4.4.20-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed. Netflix works (!).

AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 160215 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 9 » version 160214 with kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 170810 based on Debian Stretch (Debian 9), Ubuntu 17.04) and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoC)

RaspAnd Nougat 7.1.2 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170805 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat system system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Marshmallow 6.0.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is an Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 160315 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system with Google Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi 3/2

RaspArch for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 171102 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system

Chromium OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 170212 is for all 64bit “normal” Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive

Debian PIXEL » Exton Build 170425 is a 32bit remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s PIXEL image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta tools are included 

Contact

 


 

 

LINUX.EXTON.NET

 

Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the Boot menu

Screenshot of the Boot menu in DebEX LXDE created with the Refracta tools

Screenshot of the LXDE Desktop in DebEX Barebone LXDE


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop in version 171026 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Mate Desktop in version 171026 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the KDE Plasma Desktop in version 171203 of DebEX KDE - pic1

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop with Netflix running in version 171203 of DebEX KDE - pic2

Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set



EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt-get update and then sudo apt-get upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
Use Wicd to configure your wireless network. See the small icon up on the Desktop to the right. In version 171023 (KDE) the icon is down to the right. DebEX Gnome and DebEX LXDE uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.





Debian









Android-x86 Custom

android-logo
Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX Nougat!

and about my Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Nougat!