About DebEX Barebone
Budgie, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Plasma Linux 64 bit
three systems/distributions are a based on Debian
Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10).
Desktop 10.4 is used as Desktop environment in DebEX
3.26 and Mate
1.18 are used in DebEX Gnome. KDE
Plasma Desktop 5:42 is used in DebEX KDE. The
system language is English (in all three
versions of DebEX).
180221 about DebEX KDE Plasma - a Refracta Build
have made a new version of DebEX KDE Plasma Live DVD.
It replaces version 171203. It's a pure Debian system.
(Unstable/Experimental). I.e.: There are no Ubuntu
elements involved. DebEX KDE Plasma uses the KDE
Plasma Desktop 5:42 as Desktop environment. It uses kernel
4.15.4-debex - (4.15.4). I have replaced Wicd with NetworkManager.
It works better.
I have replaced Google
Chrome with Iceweasel 52.6 (for Netflix). I've also
- an alternative to Vlc.
(SMPlayer is a free
media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs
that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need
any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play
all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs).
All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest
version of 180221. Study the full package
IMPORTANT CHANGE: I have replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares
3.1.12 Installer Framework. Now you can choose
language when the installation starts. When it's ready
everything will be in your chosen language! Log in to KDE as user with password live or as root with password root.
NEWS 180219 about DebEX Budgie -
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Budgie Desktop
10.4 and kernel 4.15.4-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s
latest kernel 4.15.4) is ready. All packages have
been updated to the latest version as of February 19, 2018.
DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian
Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10).
important: The ISO has decreased from 1330 MB to 899 MB,
which makes it easier to run the system live from RAM. That
ability allows DebEX Budgie to be very fast, since reading and writing
data from/to RAM is much faster than on a hard
171026 about DebEX Gnome - a Refracta Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX
Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using
the testing (buster)
and unstable (sid) repositories.
Two Desktop Environments are pre-installed. Gnome 3.26 (latest) and Mate 1.18
(latest). I have also installed Nvidia's
proprietary graphics driver 387.12 in this new version of
DebEX. To be able to enjoy Gnome 3.26 while running DebEX live (from
DVD or a USB stick) you'll need to have a new Nvidia graphics card
installed. You can see which cards are
Otherwise you'll have to settle for Mate 1.18. (Not a bad choice btw).
Furthermore I have installed replaced Google
Chrome with Firefox 56.0. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using
Firefox in Linux. All other installed packages have also been updated
to the latest version as of 171026.
DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.13.0-61-exton
corresponding one of Kernel.org's
latest stable kernels 4.13.4.
What’s new in kernel 4.15?
You can use the Refracta
tools (pre-installed in all three versions of DebEX) to create your own
Debian Live DVD once you have installed DebEX to hard drive. I
mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. When
you start Refracta it will look
like this. You don’t even have to
install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta tools. If
you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!)
Debian system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick.
Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO)
will only take 10 - 50 min! You'll find the ISO in /home/debex.
Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM.
alternative 3 (Load to RAM). When the system has booted up
you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB
RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way
to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and
you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone Budgie, Gnome and KDE ISO files
are of 899 MB, 1530 MB respectively 1200 MB).
DebEX Barebone uses kernel 4.15.4-exton.
DebEX Plasma uses kernel 4.15.4-debex. DebEX Gnome usees kernel 4.13.0-16-exton. (Kernel 4.13.4).
Program content etc
As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has
only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal,
SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, NetworkManager, Firefox,
Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of
DebEX from 171026 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.26 and Mate
1.18. In version 180221 of DebEX I have added all common Plasma/KDE packages.
All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of February 19, 2018, October
respectively February 21, 2018.
I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need
after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic
for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the
system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a
reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs
(such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get)
I have also installed Pacapt
(an Arch's pacman-like
package manager). It works extremely well. Available
-h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice
All three versions of DebEX
use NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your password
LOGIN and passwords
After booting up DebEX Barebone Budgie
(built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in Budgie as the
ordinary user user. The password for user is live.
The password for root is root.
After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to
create your own ordinary user. After booting up DebEX KDE
you'll end up in X/Plasma as the ordinary user user.
The password for root is root. The password for
user is live. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to
become root. (Command: sudo su). Note: After a hard
drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Budgie, Gnome
respectively KDE as root. Note: As
regards DebEX Budgie and DebEX Gnome you can log in to Budgie
respectively Gnome 3.26 and Mate 1.18 as the ordinary user user. The password
for user is live/user. The password for root is root.
NOTE ABOUT DebEX Gnome: To be able to reach the Gnome
Desktop (if you have a Nvidia graphics card) you'll have to press Ctrl Alt F1
simultaneously. Then log in as user with password live. Run "sudo
nvidia-xconfig" followed by "startx".
About Nvidia's proprietary
graphics driver in
the Gnome version of DebEX
If you can and want to use said driver you'll have to leave X/Gnome
by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with
password root. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig
(to create /etc/X11/xorg.conf). Then run startx
to enter X/Gnome again. You will notice a big difference if you
have the right (modern/new) Nvidia card. On certain computers you can't
leave X by pressing Ctrl Alt F1. In that case you can only use said
driver after a hard drive installation of DebEX. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig
and restart your computer. The Nvidia drivers has support for the
following GPUs (among others): GeForce 800A, GeForce 800M, GeForce GTX
970M and GeForce GTX 980M. Note:
In DebEX Gnome (version 171026) your
Nvidia card will be automatically used (if it is supported). Special note about DebEX Gnome:
You can log in to Gnome 3.26 from LightDM
login page as user
with password live or as root with password root. If your card
isn't supported you will get the dreaded error message saying Oh no! Something has gone wrong.
Then log out and change Desktop Environment to Mate 1.18 before you go
on and log in again. You simply can't log in to Gnome. Perhaps you can
fix this problem yourself after a hard drive installation of DebEX
To be able to reach the Gnome Desktop (if you have a Nvidia graphics
card) you'll have to press Ctrl
Alt F1 simultaneously. Then log in as user with password
live. Run the commands sudo nvidia-xconfig
followed by startx.
If you still can't reach Gnome you'll have to delete xorg.conf.
Command: sudo rm
/etc/X11/xorg.conf. Then login as root to Mate 1.18
followed by startx).
When logged in as root you won't have sound while running for example
YouTube and Netflix using Firefox. Sound works when running SMPlayer
though. While running Google Chrome you will also have sound. Google
Chrome has to be started from a terminal (for security reasons) though.
VirtualBox and VMware
DebEX Budgie, DebEX KDE/Plasma and DebEX
Gnome run very well in VirtualBox
Instruction about how to use the Calamares Installer in VirtualBox or VMware.
Install DebEX to hard drive
It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive.
Just start Refracta
Installer (as regards DebEX Budgie and DebEX Gnome)
and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot
alternative 1 - live then. You
can (if you want) use Grub2
as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub
Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the
installation. When the installation of DebEX Gnome is ready
(in VirtualBox) you will see this error
message. Never mind. Everything is alright. When you
use Refracta Installer it can happen that you'll
see some other error messages in the end of the install process. Never
mind. Everything is alright. When you start up Refracta Installer it
like this. You can choose between "Simple" installation and "Expert"
DebEX KDE/Plasma Build 180221 uses Calamares 3.1.12
Installer Framework. Now you can choose
language when the installation starts. When it's ready
everything will be in your chosen language! Watch
a YouTube video about running Calamares in ArchEX.
Calamares works in the same way in DebEX. For more info about how to perform the installation read my INSTRUCTION.
Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone
Budgie/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick
Please read my INSTALL
It’s really very
simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups
Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the
command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open
up Firefox and go to http://localhost:631/admin. See below a
screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless
in DebEX KDE/Plasma.
Screenshot of Cups
start page in Google Chrome.
Debian/DebEX are rolling
implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there
is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux
world). This means, for example, that you can go on and
or/and KDE in
DebEX Barebone Budgie,
DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma
Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from
- Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open
Source applications and software directory.
DebEX Barebone Budgie ISO file
(debex-barebone-budgie-64bit-refracta-899mb-180219.iso) can also be
from the Swedish
DebEX Gnome ISO file
(debex-64bit-gnome-3.26-refracta-nvidia-1530mb-171026.iso) can also be
from the Swedish
DebEX KDE Plasma ISO file
can also be downloaded
from the Swedish
for DebEX Barebone Budgie ISO, which is of 899 MB.
for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1530 MB.
for DebEX KDE ISO, which is of 1200 MB.
Other EXTON Linux Live
CD/DVD's in English you
64bit Linux Live DVD » version
170609 (Mate) and 170918 (Light) based on Ubuntu 17.04/17.10 and Debian Stretch/Sid
with Mate 1.18.0/Openbox 3.6.1 and kernel 4.11.0-5-exton respectively
18.2/17.8/16.5 64bit » version 180210
based on Debian
17.10/16.10 with Deepin/KDE/LXQt
and kernel 4.15.2-exton
MeX 64bit Linux » version
170501 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 16.04.2 with Cinnamon
3.2.8 and kernel 4.10.0-19-exton
LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD » version 170827 with Refracta Tools
based on Ubuntu 16.04.3
LTS and Debian Stretch
combined with Cairo-Dock
and kernel 4.12.0-12-exton
EXTON OpSuS Tumbleweed Linux live USB » version 180114 and 180125 based
Tumbleweed with KDE
4.14.38 and Cinnamon 3.6.2 respectively Budgie 10.4 as Desktop environments. Coming as an IMAGE
file for direct installation on a USB pen drive
Live DVD 64bit » version 180217
based on Ubuntu
and Debian with Enlightenment
0.22.1, Budgie 10.4, Refracta Tools and kernel 4.15.2-exlight
64bit Linux Live DVD »
Build 171129 based on Arch
Linux with kernel 4.13.12-1-ARCH and Deepin 15.5 and Calamares
64bit Live DVD » version 171223 based on Slackware 14.2
with KDE 4.14.38 and kernel 4.14.8-x86_64-efi-exton
3.3 64bit 2017 Linux Live USB »
version 170216 based on CRUX
3.3 with LXDE and kernel 4.9.9-exton
MultiBootCD 6-OS » version
160928 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems
Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 170909 - 64
bit - based on Fedora
26 with Cinnamon 3.4.6
and kernel 4.12.9
Linux Live DVD 64bit » version
170416 based on Gentoo
with LXQt 0.11.0 and
PuppEX Slack64/Xenial Linux
Live CD 64/32bit » version 160823/160822 based on Puppy Slacko64/LxPup
with kernel 4.7.2-x8_64-puppex/4.7.1-x86-pae-puppex
Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 180219, 171026
and 180221 based on Debian Stretch/Buster/Sid with Budgie 10.4, Gnome 3.26
respectively KDE Plasma 5:42
and kernel 4.15.4-exton
(Android-x86_64) 8.1 Oreo » version 180202 with GAPPS, Google Play Store, Aptoide App Manager
(Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat » version 170930 with “my
special” kernel 4.13.3-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS
AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD »
version 170923 with “my special” kernel 4.4.20-exton-android-x86_64 and
pre-installed. Netflix works (!).
(Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 160215 with
“my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed
KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 10 » version 180108 with
kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store
and many other GAPPS
for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 170810 based on Debian Stretch
(Debian 9), Ubuntu 17.04)
and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoC)
Nougat 7.1.2 for Raspberry
Pi 3 Build 171220 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat
system system which can run on Raspberry
Pi 3. NOTE: RaspAnd can be
installed in Windows
6.0.1 for Raspberry
Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is
system which can run on Raspberry
Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be
installed in Windows
Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 160315 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop
system with Google
Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi
Pi 3/2 » version 171102 is a “remaster” of Arch
Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro
SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system
OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 170212 is for all 64bit “normal”
Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive
PIXEL » Exton Build 170425 is a 32bit remix
of the Raspberry
Pi Foundation’s PIXEL
image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta
tools are included
Other considerations »
Disclaimer: This is experimental
software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or
exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software,
lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using
Connect With Me
DebEX >> PayPal
If you like DebEX, please use the
of the Boot menu
of the Boot menu in DebEX Budgie created with the Refracta
of the Budgie Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie
of the Gnome Desktop in version 171026 of DebEX Gnome
of the Mate Desktop in version 171026 of DebEX Gnome
of the KDE Plasma Desktop in version 180221 of DebEX KDE - pic1
of the KDE Desktop with Synaptic
running in version 180221 of DebEX KDE - pic2
showing how Alsamixer
should be set
The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high
in June 2011) to 16. See a complete
LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions
up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP
Server can be reached HERE.
All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always
get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo
apt-get update and then sudo apt-get upgrade.
ABOUT wireless configurations
Use Wicd to configure your wireless network. See the small
icon up on the Desktop to the right. In version 171023 (KDE)
the icon is down to the right. DebEX Gnome and DebEX Budgie uses
NetworkManager. It works extremely well.