C A Exton © 2017                   


KDM

 

 

About DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux 64 bit

All three systems/distributions are a based on Debian. DebEX KDE is based on Debian Jessie (Debian 8.6). DebEX Barebone and DebEX Gnome are based on Debian testing (Stretch) and Debian unstable (Sid). LXQt 0.11 (released 160924) is used as Desktop environment in DebEX Barebone. Gnome 3.22 and Mate 1.16 are used in DebEX Gnome. KDE 4.14.2 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 are used in DebEX KDE. DebEX Barebone LXQt uses my special kernel 4.9.0-9-exton. (Kernel 4.9.0rc8 - latest). DebEX Gnome uses my special kernel 4.8.0-21-exton. (Kernel 4.8). DebEX KDE uses my special kernel 4.8.0-18-exton. (Kernel 4.8-rc8). The system language is English (in all three versions of DebEX).

NEWS 161209 about DebEX LXQt - a Refracta Build
A new version of DebEX Barebone with LXQt 0.11 and kernel 4.9.0-9-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s latest kernel 4.9-rc8) is ready. I have also installed Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver 375.20 in this new version of DebEX Barebone. Read below about how to use it. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of December 9, 2016. DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian testing - stretch - (upcoming Debian 9) and Debian unstable - sid. I have replaced Google Chrome with Tor Browser - it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location, and it lets you access sites which are blocked

What's new in kernel 4.9?

About LXQt
Historically, LXQt is the product of the merge between LXDE-Qt, an initial Qt flavour of LXDE, and Razor-qt, a project aiming to develop a Qt based desktop environment with similar objectives as the current LXQt. The Razor project has merged with LXDE and is now LXQt.


Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta tools (pre-installed in DebEX LXQt) to create your own installable Debian Stretch Live DVD once you have installed DebEX LXQt to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian Stretch live system. When you start Refracta it will look like this. You don’t even have to install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta tools. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian 9 system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick. Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO) will only take 5 – 10 min!  You'll find the ISO in /home/snapshots.


NEWS 161007 about DebEX Gnome
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (stretch) and unstable (sid) repositories. Two Desktop Environments are pre-installed. Gnome 3.22 (latest) and Mate 1.16 (latest). I have also installed Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver 370.28 in this new version of DebEX. To be able to enjoy Gnome 3.22 while running DebEX live (from DVD or a USB stick) you'll need to have a new Nvidia graphics card installed. You can see which cards are supported here. Otherwise you'll have to settle for Mate 1.16. (Not a bad choice btw). Furthermore I have installed Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version as of 161007. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.8.0-21-exton corresponding Kernel.org's latest stable kernel 4.8.

NEWS 161001 about DebEX KDE
I have made a new version of DebEX KDE Live DVD. It replaces version 160604. It's a pure Debian 8.6 system. I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE uses KDE 4.14.2 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 as Desktop environment and kernel 4.8.0-18-exton (4.8-rc8). Kernel 4.8-rc8 is the latest available kernel by 161001. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 370.28. Furthermore Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 161001. Study the full package list.

Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 1390 MB, 1830 MB respectively 1510 MB).


KERNELS

DebEX Barebone LXQt uses my special kernel 4.9.0-9-exton. (Kernel 4.9.0-rc8). DebEX Gnome use my kernel 4.8.0-21-exton. (Kernel 4.8). DebEX KDE uses my special kernel 4.8.0-18-exton. (Kernel 4.8-rc8).


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, Wicd, Firefox, Midori, Google Chrome (not in DebEX LXQt), Tor Browser (only in DebEX LXQt), Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 161007 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.22 and Mate 1.16. In version 161001 of DebEX I have added all common KDE packages. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of
December 9, 2016, October 7, 2016 respectively October 1, 2016. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager). It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
NOTE: In version 161001 of DebEX I have replaced NetworkManager with Wicd to make it easier to configure wireless connections. Now just start up Wicd Client. Give your WEP/WAP password and connect. That's it! Maybe you will have to change your network interfaces (eth0, wlan0) to for example eth1 and wlan1 in Wicd's Preferences and click on the button Refresh before you can connect. It can then look like this. Note: DebEX Barebone LXQt and Gnome use NetworkManager. It works extremely well.

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX Barebone LXQt (built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in LXQt as the ordinary user live. The password for live is live. The password for root is root. After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. After booting up DebEX KDE you'll end up in X/KDE 4.14.2 as the ordinary user user. The password for root is root. The password for user is live. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Or better: Use GKsu. Command (example): gksu dolphin. Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to LXQt, Gnome respectively KDE as root. The password for root will be the password you have chosen for your own user during the installation of DebEX (as regards DebEX Gnome and KDE). Note: As regards DebEX LXQt and DebEX Gnome you can also log in to LXQt respectively Gnome 3.22 and Mate 1.16 as the ordinary user live. The password for live is live. The password for root is root. You'll have to manually create your own ordinary user (if you don't want to run DebEX as root). This is done with the command adduser MyUserName. NOTE: If you want to run DebEX KDE (version 161001) as root you'll have to leave X/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run startx to enter X/KDE again.

About Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver in all three versions of DebEX
If you can and want to use said driver you'll have to leave X/LXQt/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig (to create /etc/X11/xorg.conf). Then run startx to enter X/LXQt/KDE again. You will notice a big difference if you have the right (modern/new) Nvidia card. On certain computers you can't leave X by pressing Ctrl Alt F1. In that case you can only use said driver after a hard drive installation of DebEX. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig and restart your computer. The Nvidia drivers has support for the following GPUs (among others): GeForce 800A, GeForce 800M, GeForce GTX 970M and GeForce GTX 980M. Note: In DebEX Gnome version 161007 your Nvidia card will be automatically used (if it is supported). You can then log in to Gnome 3.22 from LightDM login page as live with password live or as root with password root. If your card isn't supported you will get the dreaded error message saying Oh no! Something has gone wrong. Then log out and change Desktop Environment to Mate 1.16 before you go on and log in again. You simply can't log in to Gnome. Perhaps you can fix this problem yourself after a hard drive installation of DebEX Gnome!

VirtualBox
DebEX KDE and DebEX Gnome run very well in VirtualBox. DebEX LXQt (build 161209) can't run in VirtualBox (for some unknown reason). It runs very well in VMware though.


Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive. Just start DebEX Installer respectively Refracta Installer (as regards DebEX LXQt) and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - live then. See this screenshot. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the installation process as regards DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE. The installation is so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. When the installation of DebEX KDE is ready you will see this error message. Never mind. Everything is alright. When running DebEX Gnome it can happen that the Installer stalls in the end of the installation. Never mind. Everything is alright. Just close DebEX Installer (by force). When you use Refracta Installer it can happen that you'll see some error messages in the end of the install process. Never mind. Everything is alright. When you start up Refracta Installer it will look like this. You can choose between "Simple" installation and "Expert" installation.

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick
Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS

Printing using Cups
It’s really very simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups (Common UNIX Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open up Google Chrome and go to http://localhost:631/admin. See below a screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless in DebEX KDE.
Screenshot of Cups start page in Google Chrome.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DOWNLOAD
DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone ISO file (debex-64bit-lxqt-0.11-nvidia-1400mb-161209.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-64bit-gnome322-mate116-1830mb-161007.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX KDE ISO file (debex-64bit-kde-isoh-nvidia-1510mb-161001.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone LXQt ISO, which is of 1400 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1830 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE ISO, which is of 1510 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like

Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 170609 (Mate) and 161021 (Light) based on Ubuntu 17.04/16.10 and Debian Stretch/Sid with Mate 1.18.0/Openbox 3.6.1 and kernel 4.11.0-5-exton respectively 4.8.0-25-exton

ExTiX 17.5/17.4/16.5 64bit » version 170508 based on Debian and Ubuntu 17.04/16.10 with KDE/LXQt and kernel 4.11.0-1-exton


MeX 64bit Linux
» version 170501 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 16.04.2 with Cinnamon 3.2.8
and kernel 4.10.0-19-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD
» 
version 161114 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 16.10 and Debian Stretch with Fluxbox combined with Cairo-Dock and kernel 4.8.0-27-exton


EXTON OpSuS 42.1 KDE Linux live USB
» version 151112 based on openSUSE Leap 42.1 with KDE 4.14.10 as Desktop environment. Coming as an IMAGE file for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 170105 based on Ubuntu and Debian with Enlightenment 0.20.99.0, Refracta Tools and kernel 4.9.0-11-exton

ArchEX 64bit Linux Live DVD » Build 170626 based on Arch Linux with kernel 4.11.6-3-ARCH and LXQt

SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 170314 based on Slackware 14.2 with KDE 4.14.27 and kernel 4.10.2-x86_64-exton

CruxEX 3.3 64bit 2017 Linux Live USB » version 170216 based on CRUX 3.3 with LXDE and kernel 4.9.9-exton


Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System
version 170218 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 25 with Cinnamon 3.2.8 and version 150701 - 32bit - based on Mageia 5 with Cinnamon 2.4.5


EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS
» version 160928 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 170416 based on Gentoo with LXQt 0.11.0 and genkernel 4.10.4-aufs-gentoo-exton

PuppEX Slack64/Xenial Linux Live CD 64/32bit » version 160823/160822 based on Puppy Slacko64/LxPup with kernel 4.7.2-x8_64-puppex/4.7.1-x86-pae-puppex

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 161209, 161007 and 161001 based on Debian Jessie/Stretch/Sid with LXQt 0.11, Gnome 3.22 respectively KDE 4.14.2 and kernel 4.8 (the Xfce4 and Gnome versions)

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat » version 170619 with “my special” kernel 4.9.31-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD
 » version 160922 with “my special” kernel 4.4.20-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 160215 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 9 » version 160214 with kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 161019 based on Debian Jessie (Debian 8.6), Ubuntu Yakkety Yak(Ubuntu 16.10) and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoC)

RaspAnd Nougat 7.1.2 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170616 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat system system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Marshmallow 6.0.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is an Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 160315 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system with Google Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi 3/2

RaspArch for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 161205 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system

Chromium OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 170212 is for all 64bit “normal” Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive

Debian PIXEL » Exton Build 170425 is a 32bit remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s PIXEL image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta tools are included 

Contact

 


 

 

LINUX.EXTON.NET

 

Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the Boot menu

Screenshot of the Boot menu in DebEX LXQt created with the Refracta tools

Screenshot of the LXQt Desktop in DebEX Barebone LXQt


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop in version 161007 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Mate Desktop in version 161007 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the KDE Plasma Desktop in version 16101 of DebEX KDE - pic1

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop with Netflix running in version 161001 of DebEX KDE - pic2

Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set



EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt-get update and then sudo apt-get upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
Use Wicd to configure your wireless network. See the small icon up on the Desktop to the right. In version 160604 (KDE) the icon is down to the right. DebEX Gnome and DebEX LXQt uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.





Debian

Android-x86 Custom

android-logo
Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX Nougat!

and about my Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Nougat!