C A Exton © 2016                   


KDM

 

 

About DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux 64 bit

All three systems/distributions are a based on Debian. DebEX KDE is based on Debian Jessie (Debian 8.2). DebEX Barebone and DebEX Gnome are based on Debian testing (Stretch) and Debian unstable (Sid). Xfce 4.12 (released 150228 after about three years work!) is used as Desktop environment in DebEX Barebone. Gnome 3.18.3 and Mate 1.12.1 are used in DebEX Gnome. KDE 4.14.2 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 are used in DebEX KDE. All three systems use my special kernel 4.3.0-5-exton equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 4.3.3. The system language is English (in all three versions of DebEX).

NEWS 160109
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Xfce 4.12.1 and kernel 4.3.0-5-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 4.3.3) is ready. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver 352.63. Read below about how to use it. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of January 9, 2016.
DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian testing - stretch - (upcoming Debian 9) and Debian unstable - sid. I have also installed Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. No Linux system is complete without it. The size of the ISO file has therefore increased from 1150 MB to 1460 MB. Announcement about Xfce 4.12, released 150228:

Today, after 2 years and 10 months of work, we are pleased to announce the release of the Xfce desktop 4.12, a new stable version that supersedes Xfce 4.10. This long period can only be explained by how awesome Xfce 4.10 was. But as all things, it needed some refreshing - and for that we saw lots of new contributors providing valuable feedback, features and bugfixes. As always, Xfce follows its steady pace of evolution without revolution that seems to match our users' needs.


NEWS 160105
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (stretch) and unstable (sid) repositories. Two Desktop Environments are pre-installed. Gnome 3.18.3 (Gothenburg) and Mate 1.12.1 (latest). About Gnome 3.18: This release brings significant improvements to many of our core applications, from better Google Drive integration in Files to a list view in Boxes to firmware updates in Software, and several entirely new applications. I have also installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 352.63 in this new version of DebEX. To be able to enjoy Gnome 3.18.3 while running DebEX live (from DVD or a USB stick) you'll need to have a new Nvidia graphics card installed. You can see which cards are supported here. Otherwise you'll have to settle for Mate 1.12.1. (Not a bad choice btw). Furthermore I have installed Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version as of 160105. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.3.0-5-exton.

NEWS 160102
I have made a new version of DebEX KDE Live DVD. It replaces version 150830. It's a pure Debian 8.2 system. I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE uses KDE 4.14.2 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 as Desktop environment and kernel 4.3.0-5-exton. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 352.63. Furthermore Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 160102. Study the full package list.

Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 1460 MB, 1720 MB respectively 1490 MB).


KERNELS

All three versions of DebEX use kernel 4.3.0-5-exton equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 4.3.3. (Latest as of 160109).


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, PCManFM, Leafpad, Wicd, Iceweasel (Firefox), Google Chrome, Icedove (Thunderbird), GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 160105 (DebEX Gnome) I have removed Xfce4 and installed Gnome 3.18.3 and Mate 1.12.1 instead. In version 160102 of DebEX I have added all common KDE packages and removed Xfce4. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of
January 9, 2016, January 5, 2016 respectively January 2, 2016. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager). It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
NOTE: In version 160109 and 160102 of DebEX I have replaced NetworkManager with Wicd to make it easier to configure wireless connections. Now just start up Wicd Client. Give your WEP/WAP password and connect. That's it! Maybe you will have to change your network interfaces (eth0, wlan0) to for example eth1 and wlan1 in Wicd's Preferences and click on the button Refresh before you can connect. It can then look like this. Note: DebEX Gnome uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX Barebone Xfce4 from DVD/USB stick you'll end up at LightDM's login screen. Log in to Xfce4 as root. The password for root is root. During the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. After booting up DebEX KDE you'll end up in X/KDE 4.14.2 as the ordinary user user. The password for root is root. The password for user is live. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Or better: Use GKsu. Command (example): gksu dolphin. Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Xfce4, Gnome respectively KDE as root. The password for root will be the password you have chosen for your own user during the installation of DebEX. Note: As regards DebEX Gnome you can only log in to Gnome 3.18.3 and Mate 1.12.1 as root. The password is root. After a hard drive installation you can still only log in as root. The password for root will be the password you have chosen for your own user during the installation of DebEX. You'll have to manually create your own ordinary user (if you don't want to run DebEX as root). This is done with the command adduser MyUserName. NOTE: If you want to run DebEX KDE (version 160102) as root you'll have to leave X/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run startx to enter X/KDE again.

About Nvidia's proprietary graphics driver 352.63 in all three versions of DebEX
If you can and want to use said driver you'll have to leave X/Xfce4/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig (to create /etc/X11/xorg.conf). Then run startx to enter X/Xfce4/KDE again. You will notice a big difference if you have the right (modern/new) Nvidia card. On certain computers you can't leave X by pressing Ctrl Alt F1. In that case you can only use said driver after a hard drive installation of DebEX. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig and restart your computer. The Nvidia drivers has support for the following GPUs (among others): GeForce 800A, GeForce 800M, GeForce GTX 970M and GeForce GTX 980M. Note: I DebEX Gnome version 160105 your Nvidia card will be automatically used (if it is supported). You can then log in to Gnome 3.18.3 from LightDM login page as root with password root. If your card isn't supported you will get the dreaded error message saying Oh no! Something has gone wrong. Then log out and change Desktop Environment to Mate 1.12.1 before you go on and log in again. You simply can't log in to Gnome. Perhaps you can fix this problem yourself after a hard drive installation of DebEX Gnome!


Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive. Just start DebEX Installer and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - live then. See this screenshot. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the installation process. The installation is so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. When the installation of DebEX KDE is ready you will see this error message. Never mind. Everything is alright. When running DebEX Gnome it can happen that the Installer stalls in the end of the installation. Never mind. Everything is alright. Just close DebEX Installer (by force).

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick

Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DOWNLOAD
DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone ISO file (debex-barebone-64bit-xfce412-nvidia-1460mb-160109.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-gnome318-mate112-64bit-isoh-1720mb-160105.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX KDE ISO file (debex-64bit-kde-nvidia-isoh-1490mb-160102.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone Xfce4 ISO, which is of 1460 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1720 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE ISO, which is of 1490 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like

Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 151022 and 151103 based on Ubuntu 15.10 and Debian Jessie (Debian 8.2) with Mate 1.10.2/Openbox 3.6.1 and kernel 4.2.0-16-exton (in both versions)

ExTiX 16.1 64bit » version 160120/151017 based on Debian 8.2 Jessie/Ubuntu 15.10 with LXQt/KDE and kernel 4.4.0-0-exton


MeX 64bit Linux » version 151217 based on Ubuntu 15.10 with Cinnamon 2.6.13 and kernel 4.3.0-4-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD
» version 151024 based on Ubuntu 15.10 and Debian 8.2 with Fluxbox combined with Cairo-Dock
and kernel 4.2.0-16-exton

 

EXTON OpSuS 42.1 KDE Linux live USB » version 151112 based on openSUSE Leap 42.1 with KDE 4.14.10 as Desktop environment. Coming as an IMAGE file for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 151031 based on Ubuntu 15.10 with Enlightenment 0.19.12 and kernel 4.2.0-16-exton

ArchEX Linux Dual boot 64bit/32bit Linux Live DVD » version 151117 based on Arch Linux with kernel 4.2.5-1-ARCH and LXDE

CruxEX 3.2 64bit 2016 Linux Live USB » version 151128 based on CRUX 3.2 with LXDE and kernel 4.3.0-x86_64-cruxex


Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 150531 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 22 with Cinnamon 2.4.8 and version 150701 - 32bit - based on Mageia 5 with Cinnamon 2.4.5


EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS » version 160106 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 160123 based on Gentoo with Xfce 4.12.1 and genkernel 4.4.0-gentoo-exton

PuppEX Slacko Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 151130 based on Puppy Linux Slacko64 6.3.0 with kernel 4.3.0-x86_64-puppex

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 160109, 160105 and 160102 based on Debian Jessie/Stretch/Sid with Xfce 4.12.1, Gnome 3.18.3 respectively KDE 4.14.2 and kernel 4.3.0-5-exton

SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 160203 based on Slackware 14.2 with KDE 4.14.3 and kernel 4.4.1-exton-huge

Andex (Android-x86) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD » version 160131 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 151010 with “my special” kernel 4.0.8-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton build 7 » version 150721 with kernel 4.0.8-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 2 » version 151027 based on Debian Jessie (Debian 8.1), Ubuntu Wily Werewolf (Ubuntu 15.10) and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoC)

RaspAnd for Raspberry Pi 2 » version 150924 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system with Google Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi 2

RaspArch for Raspberry Pi 2 » version 151107 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system


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Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the Boot menu

Screenshot
of the Xfce4 Desktop in DebEX Barebone


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop in version 160105 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Mate Desktop in version 160105 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the KDE Plasma Desktop in version 160102 of DebEX KDE - pic1

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop with Netflix running in version 160102 of DebEX KDE - pic2

Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set

Screenshot showing how to mount partitions running Thunar


EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt-get update and then sudo apt-get upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
Use Wicd to configure your wireless network. See the small icon up on the Desktop to the right. In version 160102 (KDE) the icon is down to the right. DebEX Gnome uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.





Debian