C A Exton © 2018                   




About DebEX Barebone Budgie, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Plasma Linux 64 bit

All three systems/distributions are a based on Debian Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10). Budgie Desktop 10.4 is used as Desktop environment in DebEX Barebone/Budgie. Gnome 3.26 is used in DebEX GnomeKDE Plasma Desktop 5:47 is used in DebEX KDEThe system language is English (in all three versions of DebEX).

NEWS 180814 about DebEX KDE Plasma - a Refracta Build
I have made two new versions of DebEX KDE Plasma Live DVD - efi and non-efi. They replace version 180221. It's a pure Debian system. (Unstable/Experimental). I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE Plasma uses the KDE Plasma Desktop 5:47 as Desktop environment. Both versions use kernel 4.18.0-rc8-exton - (4.18-rc8). I have replaced Wicd with NetworkManager. It works better. I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel 52.9 (for Netflix). I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 180814. Study the full package list. MOST IMPORTANT CHANGE: I have replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares 3.2.1 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers. Then download and run debex-64bit-plasma-refracta-calamares-non-efi-1210mb-180814.iso

MOVIE about Calamares Installer
Watch a movie
about the Calamares installation process in VirtualBox.

Log in to KDE as user with password live or as root with password root (when running DebEX Live).

NEWS 180223 about DebEX Gnome a Refracta Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (buster) and unstable (sid) repositories. Gnome 3.26 (latest) is used as Desktop environment. Gnome in combination with Docky is perfect (I think). Watch this screenshot. I have removed the Mate Desktop, since Gnome now can be used on all kind of computers. Also when running DebEX in VirtualBox and VMware. No need for Nvidia's proprietary graphics drivers when running this new version of DebEX. You can of course install such drivers if you want to. Furthermore I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel 56.6. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using Iceweasel (Firefox) in Linux. All installed packages have been updated to the latest version as of 180223.  DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.15.4-exton corresponding Kernel.org's latest stable kernel 4.15.4.

NEWS 180219 about DebEX Budgie - a Refracta Build
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Budgie Desktop 10.4 and kernel 4.15.4-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s latest kernel 4.15.4) is ready. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of February 19, 2018. DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian Buster/Sid (upcoming Debian 10). Most important: The ISO has decreased from 1330 MB to 899 MB, which makes it easier to run the system live from RAM. That ability allows DebEX Budgie to be very fast, since reading and writing data from/to RAM is much faster than on a hard disk drive.

What’s new in kernel 4.18?

Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta tools (pre-installed in all three versions of DebEX) to create your own installable Debian Live DVD once you have installed DebEX to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. When you start Refracta it will look like this. You don’t even have to install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta tools. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick. Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO) will only take 10 - 50 min! You'll find the ISO in /home/debex.

Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (Load to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone Budgie, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 899 MB, 1340 MB respectively 1210 MB).


DebEX Barebone and DebEX Gnome uses kernel 4.15.4-exton. DebEX Plasma uses kernel 4.18.0-rc8-exton

Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, NetworkManager, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 180223 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.26. In version 180814 of DebEX I have added all common Plasma/KDE packages. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of
February 19, 2018, February 23, 2018 respectively August 14, 2018. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live. (LibreOffice is pre-installed in DebEX Gnome).

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager) in DebEX Gnome. It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
All three versions of DebEX use NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your password and connect!

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX (built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in Budgie/Plasma/Gnome as the ordinary user user. The password for user is live. The password for root is root. After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Budgie, Gnome respectively KDE/Plasma as root. 

VirtualBox and VMware
DebEX Budgie, DebEX KDE/Plasma and DebEX Gnome run very well in VirtualBox and VMware. Instruction about how to use the Calamares Installer when running DebEX Plasma in VirtualBox or VMware. Or just download the non-efi version of DebEX KDE Build 180814.

Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive. Just start Refracta Installer (as regards DebEX Budgie and DebEX Gnome) and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - live then. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation. When you use Refracta Installer it can happen that you'll see some error messages in the end of the install process. Never mind. Everything is alright. When you start up Refracta Installer it will look like this. You can choose between "Simple" installation and "Expert" installation. IMPORTANT: DebEX KDE/Plasma Build 180814 uses Calamares 3.2.1 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! Watch a YouTube video about running Calamares in ArchEX. Calamares works in the same way in DebEX. For more info about how to perform the installation read my Instruction. And/or Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE Build 180814 in VirtualBox. NOTE: When using Refracta Installer you can also choose language/locale when the installation starts. You can use Refracta Installer in all three versions of DebEX.

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone Budgie/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick

Printing using Cups
It’s really very simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups (Common UNIX Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open up Firefox and go to http://localhost:631/admin. See below a screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless in DebEX KDE/Plasma.

Screenshot of Cups start page in Google Chrome.

You can easily install Spotify in DebEX (even while running the system live). Just run the command sudo apt update followed by sudo apt install spotify-client. Watch a screenshot when Spotify is running in DebEX Gnome.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DebEX Barebone Budgie, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone Budgie ISO file (debex-barebone-budgie-64bit-refracta-899mb-180219.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-gnome-64bit-refracta-1340mb-180223.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone Budgie ISO, which is of 899 MB.


md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1340 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE efi ISO, which is of 1220 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE non-efi ISO, which is of 1210 MB.



Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like

Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Debian Buster/Sid with Budgie Desktop 10.4 and kernel 4.16.0-rc3-exton

ExTiX 18.8/18.7/18.6/17.7/16.5 64bit » version 180807 based on Debian and Ubuntu 18.04.1/17.04/16.10 with Deepin/Budgie/KDE/LXQt and kernel 4.18.0-rc5-extix

MeX 64bit Linux » version 180426 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 18.04 with Cinnamon 3.6.7 and kernel 4.15.0-19-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD » version 180504 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Debian with LXDE and kernel 4.15.0-19-exton

EXTON OpSuS Tumbleweed Linux live USB » version 180114 based on openSUSE Tumbleweed with KDE 4.14.38 and Cinnamon 3.6.2 as Desktop environments. Coming as an IMAGEfile for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 180217/171112 based on Ubuntu and Debian with Enlightenment 0.22.1/0.20, Refracta Tools and kernel 4.15.2-exlight

ArchEX 64bit Linux Live DVD » Build 171129 based on Arch Linux with kernel 4.13.12-1-ARCH and Deepin 15.5 and Calamares

SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 171223 based on Slackware 14.2 with KDE 4.14.38 and kernel 4.14.8-x86_64-efi-exton

CruxEX 3.4 64bit 2018 Linux Live USB » version 180520 based on CRUX 3.4 with LXDE and kernel 4.16.9-exton

Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 170909 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 26 with Cinnamon 3.4.6 and kernel 4.12.9

EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS » version 160928 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 180410 based on Gentoo Linux with LXQt 0.11.0 and genkernel 4.15.14-aufs-gentoo-exgent

PuppEX Slack64/Xenial Linux Live CD 64/32bit » version 160823/160822 based on Puppy Slacko64/LxPup with kernel 4.7.2-x8_64-puppex/4.7.1-x86-pae-puppex

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 180219, 180223 and 180814 based on Debian Stretch/Buster/Sid with Budgie Desktop 10.4, Gnome 3.26 respectively KDE Plasma 5:47 with kernel 4.18.0-rc8-exton

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 8.1 Oreo » version 180202 with GAPPS, Google Play Store, Aptoide App Manager and Win 10 Launcher

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 8.1 Oreo » version 180614 with GAPPS, Google Play Store, Spotify, Firefox and Microsoft Launche

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat » version 170930 with “my special” kernel 4.13.3-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD
 » version 170923 with “my special” kernel 4.4.20-exton-android-x86_64 andGAPPS pre-installed. Netflix works (!).

AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 160215 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 10 » version 180108 with kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 180328 based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, Debian 9 Stretch and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoCs)

RaspEX with OpenCPN 4.99.0 for for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 180331

RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180717 » RaspAnd Oreo is an Android Oreo system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux

RaspAnd Nougat 7.1.2 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180529 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux

RaspAnd Marshmallow 6.0.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is an Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 160315 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system with Google Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi 3/2

RaspArch for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, Pi 3 Model B and Pi 2 Model B » version 180402 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system

Chromium OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 170212 is for all 64bit “normal” Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive

Debian PIXEL » Exton Build 180316 is a 32bit remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s PIXEL image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta tools are included







Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.

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Screenshot of the Boot menu

Screenshot of the Boot menu in DebEX Budgie created with the Refracta tools

Screenshot of the Budgie Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie

Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop in version 180223 of DebEX Gnome

Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop with Docky in version 180223 of DebEX Gnome

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop with Synaptic running in version 180814 of DebEX KDE

Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set

Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE in VirtualBox

EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net.

If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt update and then sudo apt upgrade.

ABOUT wireless configurations
DebEX uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your Network password and connect.


Android-x86 Custom

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX Oreo 8.1!

and about my Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Oreo 8.1!