C A Exton © 2015                    


KDM

 

 

About DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux 64 bit

All three systems/distributions are a based on Debian Jessie (upcoming Debian 8). There are also certain elements of Debian Sid (unstable). Xfce 4.12 (released 150228 after about three years work!) is used as Desktop environment in DebEX Barebone. It aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. Gnome 3.14 is used in DebEX Gnome. KDE 4.14.3 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 is used in DebEX KDE. DebEX Barebone uses "my" special kernel 3.18.0-8-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.18.1). So does DebEX Gnome version 150122. DebEX KDE uses "my" special kernel 3.19.0-5-exton equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.19.0. The system language is English (in all three versions of DebEX).


NEWS 150329
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Xfce 4.12 and kernel 3.18.0-8-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.18.1) is ready. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 340.65. Read below about how to use it. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of Mars 29, 2015. Announcement about Xfce 4.12, released 150228:

Today, after 2 years and 10 months of work, we are pleased to announce the release of the Xfce desktop 4.12, a new stable version that supersedes Xfce 4.10. This long period can only be explained by how awesome Xfce 4.10 was. But as all things, it needed some refreshing - and for that we saw lots of new contributors providing valuable feedback, features and bugfixes. As always, Xfce follows its steady pace of evolution without revolution that seems to match our users' needs.


NEWS 150219

I have made a new version of DebEX KDE Live DVD. It replaces version 150116. It's a pure Debian 8 system. I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE uses KDE 4.14.3 and KDE Plasma Desktop 5:84 as Desktop environment. (The latest stable version of KDE) and kernel 3.19.0-5-exton. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 346.35. Furthermore Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. I've added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 150219. Study the full package list.


NEWS 150122
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system. It uses Gnome 3.14 and Mate 1.8.2 as Desktop environments. Gnome 3.14 is winning back disillusioned Linux users. I have installed Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 340.65 in this new version of DebEX. Furthermore Google Chrome to make it possible to watch Netflix movies. All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 150122.

 


Runs from RAM
DebEX Barebone can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM.


KERNELS

DebEX Barebone and DebEX Gnome uses kernel 3.18.0-8-exton. DebEX KDE uses kernel 3.19.0-5-exton.


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, PCManFM, Leafpad, Wicd, Iceweasel (Firefox), Icedove (Thunderbird), GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 150122 (DebEX Gnome) I have removed Xfce4 and installed Gnome 3.14 and Mate 1.8.2 instead. In version 150219 of DebEX I have added all common KDE packages and removed Xfce4. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of
Mars 29, 2015, January 22, 2015 respectively February 19, 2015. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager). It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
NOTE: In version 150329 and 150219 of DebEX I have replaced NetworkManager with Wicd to make it easier to configure wireless connections. Now just start up Wicd Client. Give your WEP/WAP password and connect. That's it! Maybe you will have to change your network interfaces (eth0, wlan0) to for example eth1 and wlan1 in Wicd's Preferences and click on the button Refresh before you can connect. It can then look like this. Note: DebEX Gnome uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX Barebone Xfce4 from DVD/USB stick you'll end up at LightDM's login screen. Log in to Xfce4 as root. The password for root is root. During the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. After booting up DebEX KDE you'll end up in X/KDE 4.14.3 as the ordinary user user. The password for root is root. The password for user is live. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Or better: Use GKsu. Command (example): gksu dolphin. Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Xfce4, Gnome respectively KDE as root. The password for root will be the password you have chosen for your own user during the installation of DebEX. Note: As regards DebEX Gnome you can only log in to Gnome 3.14 and Mate 1.8.2 as root. The password is root. After a hard drive installation you can still only log in as root. The password for root will be the password you have chosen for your own user during the installation of DebEX. You'll have to manually create your own ordinary user (if you don't want to run DebEX as root). This is done with the command adduser MyUserName. NOTE: If you want to run DebEX KDE (version 150219) as root you'll have to leave X/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run startx to enter X/KDE again.

About Nvidia's proprietary graphic driver 340.65/346.35 in all three versions of DebEX
If you can and want to use said driver you'll have to leave X/Xfce4/KDE by pressing Ctrl Alt F1 followed by Ctrl Alt F2. Log in as root with password root. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig (to create /etc/X11/xorg.conf). Then run startx to enter X/Xfce4/KDE again. You will notice a big difference if you have the right (modern/new) Nvidia card. On certain computers you can't leave X by pressing Ctrl Alt F1. In that case you can only use said driver after a hard drive installation of DebEX. Then run the command nvidia-xconfig and restart your computer. Note: When you boot up DebEX Gnome and have a Nvidia card you will end up in console mode. Run the command nvidia-xconfig followed by startx. You will now enter the Mate Desktop. If you want to try Gnome change /root/.xinitrc from exec mate-session to exec gnome-session. The Nvidia drivers has support for the following GPUs: GeForce 800A, GeForce 800M, GeForce GTX 970M and GeForce GTX 980M.


Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all three versions) to hard drive. Just start DebEX Installer and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 -live then. See this screenshot. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the installation process. The installation is so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. When the installation of DebEX KDE is ready you will see this error message. Never mind. Everything is ok.

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick

Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS.

Rolling distribution
Debian Jessie/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome 3.14 or/and KDE 4.14.3 in DebEX Barebone/KDE. I.e. the latest versions (as of 150219) of Gnome and KDE.

DOWNLOAD
The DebEX Barebone ISO file (debex-barebone-64bit-xfce412-nvidia-1120mb-150329.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-64bit-gnome-mate-1410mb-150122.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX KDE ISO file (debex-64bit-kde-isoh-nvidia-1380mb-150219.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

DebEX Barebone, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Linux Live DVD can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone Xfce4 ISO, which is of 1120 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1410 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE ISO, which is of 1380 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like

Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD/CD » version 150211, 150202 and 141122 based on Ubuntu 14.10/15.04 and Debian Jessie with Mate 1.8.1/Openbox 3.5.2/Fluxbox and kernel 3.19.0-5-exton, 3.18.0-10-exton respectively 3.16.0-21-exton

ExTiX 15.1.1 64bit » version 150221 and 150205 based on Debian Jessie/Ubuntu 14.10 with KDE/LXQt and kernel 3.19.0-5-exton/3.18.0-10-exton


MeX 64bit Linux » version 150214 based on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca with Cinnamon 2.4 and kernel 3.19.0-5-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD » version 150225 based on Ubuntu 15.04 and Debian Jessie with Fluxbox combined with Cairo-Dock and kernel 3.19.0-5-exton


EXTON OpSuS 13.2 KDE Linux live USB » version 150217 based on openSUSE 13.2 with KDE 4.14.4 Desktop environment. Coming as an IMAGE file for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 150126 based on Ubuntu 15.04 with Enlightenment 0.19.1 and kernel 3.18.0-10-exton

ArchEX Linux Dual boot 64bit/32bit Linux Live DVD » version 150409 based on Arch Linux with kernel 3.19.3-1-ARCH and LXDE

CruxEX 3.1 64bit 2015 Linux Live USB » version 150119 based on CRUX 3.1 with LXDE and kernel 3.18.3-x86_64-cruxex

 

Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 150108 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 21 with Cinnamon 2.4.5 and version 140403 - 32bit - based on Mageia 4 with LXDE

 

EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS » version 150131 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit/32bit » version 141227 and 141205 based on Gentoo with Xfce4 respectively LXDE and genkernel 3.18.1-gentoo-exton/3.16.5-gentoo-exton

SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 141220 based on Slackware 14.1 with KDE 4.10.5 and kernel 3.18.1-x86_64-exton

PuppEX Tahr Linux Live CD 32bit » version 150309 based on Puppy Linux Tahr 6.0 with kernel 3.19.1-PAE-puppex

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 150329, 150122 and 150219 based on Debian Jessie with Xfce 4.12, Gnome 3.14 respectively KDE 4.14.3 and kernel 3.18.0-8-exton respectively 3.19.0-5-exton

AndEX (Android) 5.0.2 x86 Lollipop Live CD » version 150306 with “my” special kernel 3.10.58-exton-android-x86+ and many apps pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton build 1 » version 150301 with kernel 3.18.2-android-x86,  Google Play Store and many other apps pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton build 2 » version 150307 with “my” special kernel 3.18.8-exton-android-x86, Aptoide App Manager and many other apps pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton build 3 » version 150321 with “my” special kernel 3.18.8-exton-android-x86, Aptoide App Manager and many other apps pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 2 » version 150318 based on Debian Jessie (upcoming Debian 8), Ubuntu Vivid Vervet (upcoming Ubuntu 15.04) and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoCs)

RaspAnd for Raspberry p1 2 » version 150405 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system which can run on Raspberry Pi 2



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Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the Boot menu

Screenshot
of the Xfce4 Desktop in DebEX Barebone


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop in version 150122 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Mate Desktop in version 150122 of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the KDE Plasma Desktop in version 150219 of DebEX KDE - pic1

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop in version 150219 of DebEX KDE - pic2

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop with Netflix running in version 150219 of DebEX KDE - pic3

Screenshot of the KDE Desktop in version 150219 of DebEX KDE - pic4

Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set

Screenshot showing how to mount partitions running Thunar


EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 17. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt-get update and then sudo apt-get upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
Use Wicd to configure your wireless network. See the small icon up on the Desktop to the right. In version 150219 (KDE) the icon is down to the right. DebEX Gnome uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well.





Debian