C A Exton © 2019                   


KDM

 

 

About DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Plasma Linux - 64 bit- and DebEX LXQt 32 bit

All four systems/distributions are a based on Debian Buster (10) and Debian Bullseye/Sid (upcoming Debian 11). Budgie Desktop 10.5 and Enlightenment 0.23.1 are used as Desktop environments in DebEX Barebone/Budgie/Enlightenment. Gnome 3.34 is used in DebEX GnomeKDE Plasma Desktop 5:14 is used in DebEX KDE. LXQt is used in DebEX Build 191209 - 32 bit. The system language is English (in all four versions of DebEX).

NEWS 191220 about DebEX Gnome a Refracta efi Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (bullseye) and unstable (sid) repositories. Gnome 3.34 (latest) is used as Desktop environment. I have removed the Mate Desktop, since Gnome now can be used on all kind of computers. Also when running DebEX in VirtualBox and VMware. No need for Nvidia's proprietary graphics drivers when running this new version of DebEX. You can of course install such drivers if you want to.Furthermore I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using Iceweasel (Firefox) in Linux. I have also replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares Installer, which makes it possible to install DebEX Gnome in any language. You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers. All installed packages have been updated to the latest version as of 191220.  DebEX Gnome uses kernel 5.4.4-exton corresponding Kernel.org's latest kernel 5.4.4.

NEWS 191209 about DebEX LXQt 32 bit Build 191209
I've made a new DebEX system for older computers. It uses LXQt as Desktop environment. LXQt is a lightweight Qt desktop environment. It will not get in your way. It will not hang or slow down your system. It is focused on being a classic desktop with a modern look and feel. Only a minimum of packages are installed. The ISO file is of only 981 MB! Refracta Snapshot is pre-installed also in this version of DebEX, which means that you can make your own Debian 32 bit (Intel x86 32-bit architecture) live installable system in a very simple way. I mean change everything to your liking and then create a new ISO. I could run and install DebEX LXQt without problems on my oldest computer. An Acer Aspire 5102WLMi from the year 2006.

NEWS 191123 about DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment - a Refracta Build
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Budgie Desktop 10.5, Enlightenment 0.23.1 and kernel 5.4.0-rc8-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s latest kernel 5.4-rc8) is ready. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of November 23, 2019. DebEX Barebone is now based on Debian Buster (Debian 10). Most important: I've added Enlightenment 0.23.1 as an extra Desktop environment. That makes this version of DebEX unique, since there is no other live distro with Enlightenment 0.23.1 installed. Version 0.23.1 is not yet included in Debian's repositories. I've thus installed Enlightenment 0.23.1 (released 190926) from source. The ISO is of only 1310 MB, which makes it easy to run the system live from RAM. That ability allows DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment to be very fast, since reading and writing data from/to RAM is much faster than on a hard disk drive. You can use the Calamares 3.2.4-3 Installer Framework to install DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment to your computer in any language. You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers. Watch this animated GIF. NOTE also: When starting up DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment and entering the Enlightenment 0.23.1 Desktop you will get an error message as this screenshot shows. The error is fixed by running the following commands: chmod 777 .cache/efreet and sudo chmod 777 /root/.cache/efreet. After installing DebEX to hard drive you won't get any error messages.

WiFi connections in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment Build 191123
Please log out from Enlightenment and log in as root to the Budgie Desktop. There use NetworkManager to configure your wireless network - screenshot.


NEWS 190923 about DebEX KDE Plasma - a Refracta Build
I have made a new versions of DebEX KDE Plasma Live DVD - efi. It replaces version 190407. It's a pure Debian system. (Unstable/Experimental). I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE Plasma uses the KDE Plasma Desktop 5:14 as Desktop environment. Kernel 5.3.0-exton (5.3) is used. I have replaced Wicd with NetworkManager. It works better. I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel 52.9 (for Netflix). I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 190923. Study the full package list. MOST IMPORTANT CHANGE: I have added Calamares 3.2.13-1 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers if you follow my INSTRUCTION for non-efi computers. NOTE: You can also use Refracta Installer. Preferably in VirtualBox/VMware.



MOVIE about Calamares Installer
Watch a movie
about the Calamares installation process in VirtualBox.


What’s new in kernel 5.4?



Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed in all four versions of DebEX) to create your own installable Debian Live DVD once you have installed DebEX to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. When you start Refracta Snapshot it will look like this. You don’t even have to install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta Snapshot. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick. Please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO) will only take 10 - 50 min! You'll find the ISO in /home/snapshot.


Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Load to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone LXQt/Budgie/Enlightenment, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 981 MB, 1310 MB, 1570 MB respectively 1630 MB).


KERNELS

DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment uses kernel 5.4.0-rc8-exton. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 5.4.4-exton. DebEX Plasma uses kernel 5.3.0-exton. DebEX LXQt uses kernel 5.4.2-exton.


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, NetworkManager, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 191220 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.34. In version 190923 of DebEX I have added all common Plasma/KDE packages. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of December 9, 2019,
November 23, 2019, December 20, 2019 respectively September 23, 2019. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/LXQt/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager) in DebEX Gnome. It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice.

Wireless connections
All four versions of DebEX use NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your password and connect!

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX (built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in LXQt/Budgie/Plasma/Gnome as the ordinary user user. The password for user is live. The password for root is root. After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Budgie, Gnome respectively KDE/Plasma as root. NOTE: You may have to create a new password for root first. This is done with the command passwd root.

VirtualBox and VMware
DebEX Budgie, DebEX LXQt, KDE/Plasma and DebEX Gnome run very well in VirtualBox and VMware. Instruction about how to use the Calamares Installer when running DebEX Plasma in VirtualBox or VMware.

Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all four versions) to hard drive. Just start Calamares Installer and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - default then. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation.  IMPORTANT: DebEX Budgie, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma Build uses Calamares 3.2.17-3 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! Watch a YouTube video about running Calamares in ArchEX. Calamares works in the same way in DebEX. For more info about how to perform the installation read my Instruction. And/or Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE Build in VirtualBox. As regards DebEX Gnome you'll have to replace /etc/apt/sources.list with /etc/apt/sources.list-change to-this-after-install after a hard drive installation. It will look like this -screenshot. NOTE: DebEX LXQt Build 191209 uses Refracta Installer. It works very well too. NOTE 2: When installing the DebEX UEFI versions on non-UEFI computers (for example VirtualBox and VMware) the Grub boot loader installation may fail. You will then see this error message. That can be fixed by "chrooting" into the installation partition and install Grub. Read this instruction.

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone Budgie-Enlightenment/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick
Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS

Printing using Cups
It’s really very simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups (Common UNIX Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open up Firefox and go to http://localhost:631/admin. See below a screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless in DebEX KDE/Plasma.

Screenshot of Cups start page in Google Chrome.

Spotify
You can easily install Spotify in DebEX (even while running the system live). Just run the command sudo apt update followed by sudo apt install spotify-client. Watch a screenshot when Spotify is running in DebEX Budgie.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DOWNLOAD
DebEX Barebone LXQt, Budgie/Enlightenment, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone LXQt ISO file (debex-barebone-32bit-lxqt-981mb-191209.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment ISO file (debex-budgie-enlightenment-64bit-efi-refracta-calamares-1310mb-191123.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Gnome ISO file (debex-gnome-64bit-efi-refracta-calamares-1570mb-191220.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone LXQt ISO, which is of 981 MB.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment ISO, which is of 1310 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1570 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE efi ISO, which is of 1630 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like


Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 191128 based on Ubuntu 19.10 and Debian Buster with Budgie Desktop 10.5 and kernel 5.4.0-exton

ExTiX 19.10/19.8/19.3/19.1/18.10 /18.8-2/16.5 64bit » version 191023 based on Debian, Ubuntu and Deepin with LXQt/Deepin/Xfce4/Budgie/KDE and kernel 5.3.7-extix

MeX 64bit Linux
» version 190601 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 18.04.2 with Cinnamon 4.0
and kernel 5.2.0-rc2-exton

LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD » version 191111 with Refracta Tools based on Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS and Debian with LXDE and kernel 5.4.0-rc6-exton


EXTON OpSuS Tumbleweed Linux live USB
» version 180114 based on openSUSE Tumbleweed with KDE 4.14.38 and Cinnamon 3.6.2 as Desktop environments. Coming as an IMAGEfile for direct installation on a USB pen drive

ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 191120 based on Debian testing with Enlightenment 0.22.4-2, Refracta Snapshot, Calamares Installer and kernel 5.4.0-rc8-exton

ArchEX 64bit Linux Live DVD » Build 190612 based on Arch Linux with kernel 5.1.8-arch1-ARCH, Deepin 15.10.1 and LXQt 0.14.1

SlackEX 14.2 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 191007 based on Slackware Current 14.2 with Xfce4, Refracta Snapshot and kernel 5.3.0-exton

CruxEX 3.5 64bit 2019 Linux Live USB » version 190630 based on CRUX 3.5 with LXDE and kernel 5.1.12-exton


Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 190121 – 64 bit – based on Fedora 29 with Cinnamon 4.0.8 and kernel 4.19.15


EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS» version 190215 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems

exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 180410 based on Gentoo Linux with LXQt 0.11.0 and genkernel 4.15.14-aufs-gentoo-exgent

PuppEX Bionic Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 190331 – based on Puppy Linux Bionicpup64

DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 191220, 191209, 191123 and 190923 based on Debian Bullseye/Sid with Budgie Desktop 10.4, Gnome 3.34 respectively KDE Plasma 5:14 with kernel 5.4.4-exton

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 9.0 Pie » version 190912 with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc), Aurora Store, F-Droid and Netfli

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 8.1 Oreo » version 181028 with GAPPS, Google Play Store, Netflix, Spotify, Firefox and Microsoft Launcher

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat » version 170930 with “my special” kernel 4.13.3-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed

AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marsmallow Live CD
 » version 170923 with “my special” kernel 4.4.20-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed. Netflix works (!).

AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD » version 160215 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed

Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 10 » version 180108 with kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed

RaspEX for Raspberry Pi 4, Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 190807 (LXDE) and  181010 (BunsenLabs) based on Ubuntu 19.10/18.04 LTS, Debian 10 Buster and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoCs)

RaspEX with OpenCPN 5.0.0 for for Raspberry Pi 4, Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 190812

RaspEX Kodi Rpi4 with LXDE and Kodi 18.4 Media Center Leia with Netflix, YouTube and Amazon Video addons » Build 191117

RaspAnd Pie 9 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 190903 » RaspAnd Pie is an Android Pie system, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux

RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180717 » RaspAnd Oreo is an Android Oreo system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux

RaspAnd Nougat 7.1.2 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180529 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux

RaspAnd Marshmallow 6.0.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is an Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows

RaspAnd Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3/2 » version 160315 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system with Google Play Services which can run on Raspberry Pi 3/2

RaspArch for Raspberry Pi 4, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, Pi 3 Model B and Pi 2 Model B » version 190809 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system

EXTON OpSuS Rpi Tumbleweed for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ and Pi 3 Model B » version 181126 is a “remaster” of openSUSE’s Tumbleweed image. When you have installed EXTON OpSuS Rpi to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other openSUSE system

FedEX Rpi3 for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ and Pi 3 Model B » version 181206 is a “remaster” Fedora Project’s Fedora 29 build for ARM. When you have installed FedEX Rpi3 to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Fedora system

Chromium OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 190824 is for all 64bit “normal” Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive

Debian PIXEL » Exton Build 191102 is a 32bit remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s PIXEL image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta tools are included


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Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the LXQt Desktop in DebEX Barebone LXQt


Screenshot of the Boot menu
in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment created with Refracta Snapshot

Screenshot of the Enlightenment Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment

Screenshot of the Budgie Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie

Screenshot of a Samba connection in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment


Screenshot 191220 of the Gnome Desktop in version  of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop with a Samba connection in version 191220 of DebEX Gnome

Screenshot of root's Desktop in version 190923 of DebEX KDE


Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set

Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE in VirtualBox


EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt update and then sudo apt upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
DebEX uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your Network password and connect.





Debian









Android-x86 Custom

android-logo
Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is latest is AndEX Pie 9.0 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Oreo 8.1 (also with GAPPS)!

and

about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at

raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!