C A Exton © 2021                  


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About DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE Plasma Linux - 64 bit- and DebEX LXQt 32 bit

All four systems/distributions are a based on Debian Bullseye/Sid (upcoming Debian 11). Budgie Desktop 10.5 and Enlightenment 0.23.1 are used as Desktop environments in DebEX Barebone/Budgie/Enlightenment. Gnome 3.34 is used in DebEX GnomeKDE Plasma Desktop 5:20 is used in DebEX KDE. LXQt is used in DebEX Build 191209 - 32 bit. The system language is English (in all four versions of DebEX).

NEWS 210216 about DebEX KDE Plasma - a Refracta Build
I have made a new versions of DebEX KDE Plasma Live DVD - efi. It replaces version 200228. It's a pure Debian system. (Unstable/Experimental). I.e.: There are no Ubuntu or Kubuntu elements involved. DebEX KDE Plasma uses the KDE Plasma Desktop 5:20 as Desktop environment. Kernel 5.11.0-exton is used. I have replaced Wicd with NetworkManager. It works better. I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel 52.9 (for Netflix). I've also added SMPlayer - an alternative to Vlc. (SMPlayer is a free media player for Windows and Linux with built-in codecs that can play virtually all video and audio formats. It doesn't need any external codecs. Just install SMPlayer and you'll be able to play all formats without the hassle to find and install codec packs). All other installed packages have also been updated to the latest version of 210216. Study the full package list. MOST IMPORTANT CHANGE: I have added Calamares 3.2.35.1-1 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers if you follow my INSTRUCTION for non-efi computers. NOTE: You can also use Refracta Installer. Preferably in VirtualBox/VMware. NOTE ALSO: When running DebEX KDE in VirtualBox you can do it in full screen since VirtualBox Guest Additions are pre-installed. Watch this screenshot.
You can also run DebEX KDE in full screen in VMware sine VMware Tools are pre-installed in Build 210216. It is a bit of a hassle to install VMware Tools so I did it for you in Build 210216. Watch this screenshot.

NEWS 201018 about DebEX Gnome a Refracta efi Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It's a pure Debian system using the testing (bullseye) and unstable (sid) repositories. Gnome 3.38 (latest) is used as Desktop environment. I have removed the Mate Desktop, since Gnome now can be used on all kind of computers. Also when running DebEX in VirtualBox and VMware. No need for Nvidia's proprietary graphics drivers when running this new version of DebEX. You can of course install such drivers if you want to. Furthermore I have replaced Google Chrome with Firefox ESR. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using Firefox ESR in Linux. I have also replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares Installer, which makes it possible to install DebEX Gnome in any language. You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers. All installed packages have been updated to the latest version as of 201018. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 5.9.1-exton corresponding Kernel.org's latest kernel 5.9.1 released yesterday (201017).

NEWS 200618 about DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment - a Refracta Build
A new version of DebEX Barebone with Budgie Desktop 10.5, Enlightenment 0.23.1 and kernel 5.7.2-exton (equivalent to Kernel.org’s second latest kernel 5.7.2) is ready. All packages have been updated to the latest version as of June 18, 2020. DebEX Build 200618 is based on Debian Buster (Debian 10.4). Most important: I've added Enlightenment 0.23.1 as an extra Desktop environment. That makes this version of DebEX unique, since there is no other live distro with Enlightenment 0.23.1 installed. Version 0.23.1 is not yet included in Debian's repositories. I've thus installed Enlightenment 0.23.1 (released 190926) from source. The ISO is of only 1520 MB, which makes it easy to run the system live from RAM. That ability allows DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment to be very fast, since reading and writing data from/to RAM is much faster than on a hard disk drive. You can use the Calamares 3.2.4-3 Installer Framework to install DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment to your computer in any language. You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware - i.e. non-efi computers. Watch this animated GIF. NOTE: I have installed Nvidia's latest proprietary graphics driver 440.82. NOTE also: When starting up DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment and entering the Enlightenment 0.23.1 Desktop you will get an error message as this screenshot shows. The error is fixed by running the following commands: chmod 777 .cache/efreet and sudo chmod 777 /root/.cache/efreet. After installing DebEX to hard drive you won't get any error messages.

NEWS 191209 about DebEX LXQt 32 bit Build 191209
I've made a new DebEX system for older computers. It uses LXQt as Desktop environment. LXQt is a lightweight Qt desktop environment. It will not get in your way. It will not hang or slow down your system. It is focused on being a classic desktop with a modern look and feel. Only a minimum of packages are installed. The ISO file is of only 981 MB! Refracta Snapshot is pre-installed also in this version of DebEX, which means that you can make your own Debian 32 bit (Intel x86 32-bit architecture) live installable system in a very simple way. I mean change everything to your liking and then create a new ISO. I could run and install DebEX LXQt without problems on my oldest computer. An Acer Aspire 5102WLMi from the year 2006.

WiFi connections in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment Build 200618
Please log out from Enlightenment and log in as root to the Budgie Desktop. There use NetworkManager to configure your wireless network - screenshot.


MOVIE about Calamares Installer
Watch a movie
about the Calamares installation process in VirtualBox.


What’s new in kernel 5.10 LTS?



Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed in all four versions of DebEX) to create your own installable Debian Live DVD once you have installed DebEX to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Debian live system. When you start Refracta Snapshot it will look like this. You don’t even have to install DebEX to hard drive before you can use the Refracta Snapshot. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Debian system while running DebEX from DVD or a USB stick. On one of my computers with 32GB RAM the Refracta process was done in 10 minutes! So please note that the whole Refracta process (creating your new ISO) will only take 10 - 50 min! You'll find the ISO in /home/snapshot.


Runs from RAM
All three systems can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Load to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run DebEX from RAM. I.e. superfast! It's absolutely the best way to enjoy a Linux live system. Especially if it is a "big" system and you have lots of RAM. (DebEX Barebone LXQt/Budgie/Enlightenment, Gnome and KDE ISO files are of 981 MB, 1310 MB, 1570 MB respectively 2000 MB).


KERNELS

DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment uses kernel 5.4.0-rc8-exton. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 5.9.1-exton. DebEX KDE Plasma uses kernel 5.11.0-exton. DebEX LXQt uses kernel 5.4.2-exton.


Program content etc

As the name suggests, DebEX Barebone has only a minimum of software installed in advance. Among them LXTerminal, SMPlayer, SMTube, PCManFM, Leafpad, NetworkManager, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, AlsaPlayer and Synaptic. In my extra version of DebEX from 201018 (DebEX Gnome) I have installed Gnome 3.38. In version 210215 of DebEX I have added all common Plasma/KDE packages. All programs have been updated to the latest available version as of December 9, 2019,
June 18, 2020, October 18, 2020 respectively February 16, 2021. I will give you the pleasure of installing all extra packages YOU need after a hard disk installation of DebEX Barebone/LXQt/Gnome/KDE. Use Synaptic for that. You can of course also install new packages while running the system live (from CD/USB stick), but nothing will be saved after a reboot. If you have plenty of RAM you can even install big programs (such as LibreOffice) while running the systems live.

Software management
DebEX (all three versions) uses Apt (apt-get) and Synaptic. I have also installed Pacapt (an Arch's pacman-like package manager) in DebEX Gnome. It works extremely well. Available commands: pacapt -h. For example: pacapt -S libreoffice installs LibreOffice. In DebEX Gnome you can also use the Cactus Package Manager. Example commands: cpm i mousepad and cpm s gimp. (Install Mousepad and search for Gimp). CPM works very well.

Wireless connections
All four versions of DebEX use NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your password and connect!

LOGIN and passwords

After booting up DebEX (built with Refracta) from DVD/USB stick you'll end up in LXQt/Budgie/Plasma/Gnome as the ordinary user user. The password for user is live. The password for root is root. After the installation of DebEX to hard disk you'll get the chance to create your own ordinary user. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). Note: After a hard drive installation of DebEX you can still log in to Budgie, Gnome respectively KDE/Plasma as root. NOTE: You may have to create a new password for root first. This is done with the command passwd root.

VirtualBox and VMware
DebEX Budgie, DebEX LXQt, KDE/Plasma and DebEX Gnome run very well in VirtualBox and VMware. Instruction about how to use the Calamares Installer when running DebEX KDE Plasma in VirtualBox or VMware. As regards DebEX KDE Build 210216 you can just use Calamares without problems. I.e. no need to chroot.

Install DebEX to hard drive

It's now very easy to install DebEX (all four versions) to hard drive. Just start Calamares Installer and follow the installer instructions. You'll have to use Boot alternative 1 - default then. You can (if you want) use Grub2 as boot loader. If you already are using Grub2 or Grub Legacy as bootloader you can skip this part of the installation.  IMPORTANT: DebEX Budgie, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma Build uses Calamares 3.2.35.1-1 Installer Framework. Now you can choose language when the installation starts. When it's ready everything will be in your chosen language! Watch a YouTube video about running Calamares in ArchEX. Calamares works in the same way in DebEX. For more info about how to perform the installation read my Instruction. And/or Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE Build in VirtualBox. As regards DebEX Gnome you'll have to replace /etc/apt/sources.list with /etc/apt/sources.list-change to-this-after-install after a hard drive installation. It will look like this -screenshot. NOTE: DebEX LXQt Build 191209 uses Refracta Installer. It works very well too. NOTE 2: When installing the DebEX UEFI versions on non-UEFI computers (for example VirtualBox and VMware) the Grub boot loader installation may fail. You will then see this error message. That can be fixed by "chrooting" into the installation partition and install Grub. Read this instruction. NOTE: In DebEX Gnome Build 201018 and DebEX KDE Build 210216 using Calamares you don't have to chroot.

Transfer/Install DebEX Barebone Budgie-Enlightenment/Gnome/KDE to a USB stick
Please read my INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS

Printing using Cups
It’s really very simple to install a printer in DebEX/Debian. First you have to install Cups (Common UNIX Printing System). Do it in Synaptic or use the command sudo apt-get install cups. Then open up Firefox and go to https://localhost:631/admin. See below a screenshot showing when I added my local printer HP Photosmart Wireless in DebEX KDE/Plasma.

Screenshot of Cups start page in Google Chrome.

Spotify
You can easily install Spotify in DebEX (even while running the system live). Just run the command sudo apt update followed by sudo apt install spotify-client. Watch a screenshot when Spotify is running in DebEX Budgie. Spotify is pre-installed in DebEX KDE.

THE REAL McCoy
DebEX is a pure Debian system. I.e. no traces of Ubuntu, Kubuntu etc. New releases of Ubuntu are always based on Debian. So is DebEX.

Rolling distribution
Debian/DebEX are rolling distributions, which implies that once you have installed the system on the hard drive there is no need for re-installations (which otherwise is common in the Linux world). This means, for example, that you can go on and install Gnome or/and KDE in DebEX Barebone/KDE.

DOWNLOAD
DebEX Barebone LXQt, Budgie/Enlightenment, DebEX Gnome and DebEX KDE/Plasma Linux Live DVD can be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

The DebEX Barebone LXQt ISO file (debex-barebone-32bit-lxqt-981mb-191209.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment ISO file (debex-budgie-enlightenment-64bit-efi-refracta-calamares-nvidia-1520mb-200618.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

The DebEX KDE ISO file (debex-64bit-kde-plasma-refracta-calamares-2000mb-210216.iso) can also be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone LXQt ISO, which is of 981 MB.

md5sum for DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment ISO, which is of 1520 MB.

 

md5sum for DebEX Gnome ISO, which is of 1690 MB.

md5sum for DebEX KDE efi ISO, which is of 2000 MB.

 

 

Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like




Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 201128 based on Ubuntu 20.04.1 and Debian with KDE Plasma Desktop 5.18, Android Studio and kernel 5.9.10-exton


ExTiX 21.1/20.12/20.8/20.4/16.5 64bit » version 210103 based on Debian, Ubuntu and Deepin with LXQt/Deepin/KDE and kernel 5.10.4-exton


SlackEX
14.2 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 201112/201105 based on Slackware Current 14.2 with Xfce4, Refracta Snapshot and kernel 5.9.6-exton


Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System
version 200623 – 64 bit – based on Fedora 33 with Cinnamon 4.6.4 and kernel 5.8-rc1


EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS
» version 190215 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems


CruxEX
3.6.1 64bit 2021 Linux Live USB » version 201223 based on CRUX 3.6.1 with LXDE and kernel 5.9.15-exton


ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 210125 based on upcoming Debian 11 Bullseye with Enlightenment 0.24.2, Refracta Snapshot, Calamares Installer and kernel 5.10.10-exton


ArchEX 64bit Linux Live DVD
» Build 200930 based on Arch Linux with kernel 5.8.12-arch1-1, Deepin 15.11 and LXQt 0.15.0


exGENT Linux Live DVD
64bit » version 210122 based on Gentoo Linux with LXQt 0.15.1 and kernel 5.10.8-gentoo-aufs-exgent


MeX 64bit Linux
» version 201031 with Refracta Snapshot based on Ubuntu 20.10 with Cinnamon 4.6.4 and kernel 5.9.1-exton


LFA (Linux for all) 64bit DVD » version 200607 with Refracta Snapshot based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and Debian with LXDE and kernel 5.7.0-exton


PuppEX Focal Linux Live DVD
64bit » version 201121/201119 – based on Puppy Linux fossapup64 – with kernel 5.9.9-exton


EXTON OpSuS Tumbleweed LXQt live CD/USB
» version 210203 based on openSUSE Tumbleweed with LXQt as Desktop environment. Can run from a USB stick with persistence


DebEX Barebone/LXQt/Gnome/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 201018, 191209, 200618 and 210216 based on Debian /Bullseye/Sid with LXQt Desktop 0.14.3, Budgie Desktop 10.5, Enlightenment 0.23.1, Gnome 3.38 respectively KDE Plasma 5:20


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 10
» version 201027 with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc), Aptoide App manager, F-Droid and Spotify


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 10
» version 200604 with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc), Aptoide App manager, F-Droid and Spotify


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 9.0 Pie
» version 190912 and 200301 with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc), Aurora Store, F-Droid and Netflix


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 8.1 Oreo
» version 181028 with GAPPS, Google Play Store, Netflix, Spotify, Firefox and Microsoft Launcher


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 7.1.2 Nougat
» version 170930 with “my special” kernel 4.13.3-exton-android-x86_64 and GAPPS pre-installed


AndEX (Android-x86_64) 6.0.1 Marshmallow Live DVD
» version 170923 with GAPPS pre-installed and the Netflix app working


AndEX (Android-x86) 5.1.1 Lollipop Live CD
» version 160215 with “my special” kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86 and GAPPS pre-installed


Android-x86 KitKat 4.4.4 Live CD Exton Build 10
» version 180108 with kernel 4.4.0-exton-android-x86, Google Play Store and many other GAPPS pre-installed


RaspEX
for Raspberry Pi 4, Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 210101 (LXDE) based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, Debian 10 Buster and Linaro (Open Source software for ARM SoCs)


RaspEX
with OpenCPN 5.0.0 for for Raspberry Pi 4, Pi 3 Model B, 3 Model B+ and Raspberry Pi 2 Model B » version 190812


RaspEX Kodi Rpi4
with LXQt/LXDE and Kodi 19.0/18.7 Media Center with Netflix, YouTube and Amazon Video addons » Build 210211/210205 (32-bit) and 210208 (64-bit)


RaspAnd 10 for Raspberry Pi 4 Build 200814 and 200809 » RaspAnd 10 is an Android 10 system, which can run on Raspberry Pi 4, Pi 3 Model B and Pi 3 Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux


RaspAnd Pie 9
for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 190903 » RaspAnd Pie is an Android Pie system, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux


RaspAnd Oreo
8.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180717 » RaspAnd Oreo is an Android Oreo system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B and Model B+. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux


RaspAnd Nougat
7.1.2 for Raspberry Pi 3 Build 180529 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.2 Nougat system with GAPPS, which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows and Linux


RaspAnd Nougat
7.1.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170127 » RaspAnd Nougat is an Android 7.1.1 Nougat system system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2


RaspAnd
Marshmallow 6.0.1 for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 170521/160915 » RaspAnd Marshmallow is an Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2. NOTE: Can be installed in Windows


RaspAnd
Lollipop for Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2 Build 3 » version 160315/150924 is an Android 5.1 Lollipop system which can run on Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 2


RaspArch
for Raspberry Pi 4, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, Pi 3 Model B and Pi 2 Model B » version 201006 is a “remaster” of Arch Linux ARM. When you have installed RaspArch to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Arch Linux system


exGENT Rpi4
for Raspberry Pi 4 » version 200410 is a full Gentoo/Linux Desktop system with LXDE. When you have installed exGENT Rpi4 your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Gentoo system 


EXTON OpSuS Rpi Tumbleweed
for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ and Pi 3 Model B » version 181126 is a “remaster” of openSUSE’s Tumbleweed image. When you have installed EXTON OpSuS Rpi to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other openSUSE system


FedEX Rpi3
for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ and Pi 3 Model B » version 181206 is a “remaster” Fedora Project’s Fedora 29 build for ARM. When you have installed FedEX Rpi3 to your Micro SD Card you can use the system like any other Fedora system


Chromium OS (ChromX) » Exton Build 201011/190824 is for all 64bit “normal” Desktop computers and laptops. It must be installed to a USB Pen Drive or SD card


Debian PIXEL
» Exton Build 201108 is a 32bit remix of the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s PIXEL image, which can run on a PC or Mac. Refracta tools are included


KNOPPIX-EXTON » KNOPPIX-EXTON 32 bit, Build 191211 – a remaster of KNOPPIX 8.6.1 – will bring your old computer back to life included


Contact

 


 

 

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Other considerations »

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or exton.net/exton.se be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage either direct or indirect caused by using this software.



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Screenshot of the LXQt Desktop in DebEX Barebone LXQt


Screenshot of the Boot menu
in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment created with Refracta Snapshot

Screenshot of the Enlightenment Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie/Enlightenment

Screenshot of the Budgie Desktop in DebEX Barebone Budgie

Screenshot of a Samba connection in DebEX Budgie/Enlightenment


Screenshot 201018 of the Gnome Desktop in version  of DebEX Gnome


Screenshot of the Gnome Desktop with a Samba connection in version 201018 of DebEX Gnome

Screenshot of user's Desktop in version 210215 of DebEX KDE


Screenshot showing how Alsamixer should be set

Watch a movie about the Calamares installation process of DebEX KDE in VirtualBox


EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 16. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net.


UPGRADE Debian
If you install DebEX Barebone/Gnome/KDE to hard disk you will always get the latest Debian packages if you run the following commands: sudo apt update and then sudo apt upgrade.


ABOUT wireless configurations
DebEX uses NetworkManager. It works extremely well. Just give your Network password and connect.





Debian






Android-x86 Custom

android-logo

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at
andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and

about my Android 11, 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 4 and 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se
– latest is RaspAnd 11 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!